Sail the Endeavour

Source: Australian National Maritime Museum
Here’s your chance to take the voyage of a lifetime, to challenge yourself, to experience seafaring as Captain Cook and his crew did as part of the crew on the magnificent replica of James Cook’s 18th century tall ship HMB Endeavour.

The Australian National Maritime Museum has announced Endeavour’s 2019 voyage program and is calling for applications to sail aboard her.

Upcoming voyages include:

Tasmanian Voyage – 11 days
On 28 January 2019 Endeavour will depart from Sydney for Hobart, to take part in the “Parade of Sail” at the Australian Wooden Boat Festival in Tasmania.

The Festival is a four-day celebration of maritime culture and the biggest event of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere, bringing together over 500 boats in Hobart’s iconic historic waterfront precinct.

The Endeavour will then depart from Hobart to Sydney from 13 to 24 February.

Caledonian Voyage – 11 days
In April Endeavour will undertake its first international voyage since the museum took ownership of the vessel in 2005.  Voyagers will be able to immerse themselves in French and Melanesian history and culture when Endeavour sets sail from Sydney to New Caledonia from 22 April – 3 May and New Caledonia to Sydney from 9 May – 20 May.

Each Endeavour voyage has 56 people on board. There are 16 professional crew, 36 voyage crew plus 4 supernumeraries who learn first-hand what it would have been like to sail the oceans during the era of great discovery and exploration.

Voyage crew members sleep in hammocks and stand watch, learn how to set sails, and helm the ship.  Full training is provided.

Supernumerary berths will suit those who prefer a more leisurely sailing experience. Supernumeraries can choose their own level of involvement while enjoying the privacy of their own cabin.

To book on a voyage or submit an expression of interest visit https://www.anmm.gov.au/whats-on/events/sail-the-endeavour or phone 02 +61 2 8241 8323.

Departing and arriving at marinas

It is common for every Skipper to experience some concerns when departing or arriving at a marina whether it is your vessel’s regular berth, or you are entering an unfamiliar marina.

You can encounter another vessel departing, arriving, backing off a slipway, or cutting across your path. Wind and current may effect your vessel, causing you to lose steering control or your engine may stall. These occurrences are real possibilities. So, it’s best to be prepared, have a departure/arrival plan and refresh your knowledge and understanding of the give-way and steering rules. (also known as the International Collision Regulations COLREGs) These rules are paramount to safety on the water.

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Outbound vessels from a port or marina have right-of-way over inbound vessels.

Departing a marina

  • Deliver the crew departure brief ensuring they know which lines to slip first and last.
  • Test engine controls and astern propulsion prior to slipping the lines.
  • It is good practice to announce your departure details on VHF Ch 16 or your local port operations Channel. (Ch12 or Ch13)
  • Ensure you have a clear departure area from the berth.
  • Once clear of the berth sound one long blast to indicate you are underway and need room to manoeuvre.
  • If you encounter another vessel backing off a berth or slipway you are required to stop and stand-by.
  • Look out for other vessels moving within the marina.
  • Your vessel has the right-of-way over another vessel arriving, as you are operating in a close quarter situation with limited sea room.
  • Adhere to designated speed limits within the marina whilst maintaining steerage.
  • Don’t forget-marina areas are 6 knot- no wash zones.
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Larger vessels traveling in or out of a marina need greater turning circles, so give them plenty of room to manoeuvre.

Arriving at a marina

  • Do some research in advance. Study local charts or google maps that show an aerial view of the marina.
  • Call ahead to the marina by mobile or marine radio. Marina personnel will appreciate advance warning of your arrival. They will allocate your berth, provide you with updates on marina traffic, wind and current conditions, give berthing recommendations or provide you with assistance if needed. They may also request the following information: Your current location in relation to the marina. Your estimated time of arrival. Type of vessel. (sail or power) Beam, length (including tender) and draft.
  • Deliver the crew berthing brief. The conditions at the time and the gangway access location will determine which side (port or starboard) to berth.
  • Prepare lines and fenders.
  • Test engine controls and astern propulsion prior to entering the marina.
  • Ensure decks are clear and passengers are seated.
  • Just before entering the marina, check wind direction and speed. Use visual indicators such as flags and observe other vessels swing direction at anchor or on moorings.
  • Give way to any marina outbound vessels.
  • Adhere to designated speed limits whilst maintaining steerage.
  • Don’t forget – marina areas are 6 knot- no wash zones.
  • Listen carefully to any instructions issued by marina personnel.
  • If you encounter another vessel backing off a berth or slipway you are required to stop and stand-by.

The motivation to write this article stems from questions asked by our students and other people simply seeking advice. Tell us about your marina arrival and departure experiences. Good and bad we’d like to hear them. Your personal experiences will help us to develop better training programs.

Manure Aboard – S.H.I.T

Saling Ship - Atlas
A portrait of the East Indiaman ‘Atlas’, shown off South Foreland, near Dover, in broadside view. By William John Huggins – Royal Museums Greenwich, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20342601

During the 16th and 17th centuries, all trading goods  were transported by ship.This was before the invention of commercial fertilizers, so large shipments of manure were quite common.

Manure was shipped in dry form as it weighed a lot less than when wet. Once water (at sea) hit it, not only did it become heavier, but the process of fermentation began. It’s  by-product was methane gas. As it was stored below decks in bundles,  you can imagine what could and did happen.  Methane began to build-up below decks and the first time someone came below at night with a lantern – BOOOOM!

Several ships were destroyed in this manner before it was determined what was happening.   The bundles of manure were then always stamped with the instruction “Stow High In Transit”. This meant for sailors to stow it high enough off the lower decks so that any water that came into the hold would not touch this “volatile” cargo and start the production of methane.

Thus evolved the term ‘ S.H.I.T ‘ , (Stow High In Transit) which has come down through the centuries and remains in use today as a well-recognised slang word. These sailors definitely would have been in “deep shit” (meaning in trouble) if someone had taken a lantern below!

Thanks to Captain Gavin for providing us with this little gem of maritime history.